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Journal Title Abbrev.
J. Elem.
ISSN – 1644-2296
DOI: 10.5601

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Microplastics, Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Released From Disposable Hot Drink Cups, Teabags and Their Evaluation from Health Perspect

Wydanie: 1/2024

Otrzymano: Wrzesień 14, 2023

Zaakceptowano: Marzec 15, 2024

Opublikowano online: Marzec 19, 2024


N. Tan Tabakoglu, K. Sezer, S. Celik

Kategorie: Pollution and environment, Medicine and veterinary, Food science

DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2023.28.3.3121


Microplastics (MPs) are pollutants that contaminate resources such as water, air, and soil. Humans can encounter microplastics by ways of inhalation, digestion, or dermal contact. The use of single use paper and plastic cups, as well as tea bags, is very common. These vessels are usually made of plastic, and the teas bags are usually made of half-synthetic cellulose. This study aims to draw attention to their effects of them on human health by analyzing MPs as a result of contact with plastic paper cups and teabags with a hot aqueous solution (50°C, 70°C, and 90°C). In this study used scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high performance liquid chromatography, and mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and the results were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Number of MP particles released from teabags increased to 4.59 x 104 particles/mL while in paper cups and plastic cups MP particle numbers elevated to 2.94 x 104 particles/mL and 2.11 x 104 particles/mL respectively. Total phthalate compound concentrations determined in aqueous solution samples were 1.74 - 2.42 µg/L in tea bags, 1.49 - 2.40 µg/L in paper cups, 1.20 - 1.28 µg/L in plastic cups; Bisphenol A concentration ranges were determined as 0.015-0.045 µg/L in plastic cups, 0.006-0.011 µg/L in tea bags and 0.005-0.006 µg/L in paper cups. Since the consumption of tea or coffee that comes into contact with disposable plastics every day may increase the daily MP intake and may cause health problems in the future.


Tan Tabakoglu, N., Sezer, K. and Celik, S. (2024) 'Microplastics and endocrine-disrupting chemicals released from disposable hot beverage cups and tea bags and theirevaluation in terms of human health safety', Journal of Elementology, 29(1), 245-263, available:

Słowa kluczowe:

microplastics, health, paper cup, plastic cup, teabag

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