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Journal Title Abbrev.
J. Elem.
ISSN – 1644-2296
DOI: 10.5601

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Fertilizer value of composts obtained with addition of coffee grounds and maize

Wydanie: 1/2024

Otrzymano: Sierpień 10, 2023

Zaakceptowano: Listopad 19, 2023

Opublikowano online: Styczeń 16, 2024


M. Kopeć, J. Antonkiewicz, B. Kulig

Kategorie: Agricultural, Pollution and environment

DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2023.28.3.3078


Management of catering waste, including coffee grounds, is becoming an important economic issue. Coffee grounds contain not only organic compounds but also mineral compounds, including macronutrients and micronutrients. The purpose of the study was to determine the fertilizer value of composts obtained using coffee grounds. The compost was prepared on the basis of vegetable raw material, coffee grounds with the addition of biocarbon or effluent obtained during yeast production.  The scheme of the experiment included 4 treatments: M - control - maize straw; M+CG - maize straw + coffee grounds; M+CG+BC - maize straw + coffee grounds + willow biochar; M+CG+E - maize straw + coffee grounds + yeast effluent.  The amount of waste materials introduced into the composted maize biomass were limited not only due to their physical parameters, but also because of the humidity of the feedstock. The ratios of feedstocks used in individual treatments were, by weight of the dry matter: M+CG - 1:0.89; M+CG+BC - 1:0.89:0.1; M+CG+E - 1:0.89:0.07. After mixing the materials, moisture of the mixture was equilibrated to 60% by weight. Aeration of the biomass was performed in cycles, 6 times a day; the air was flowing through the bioreactor in the amount of 15 dm3∙min.-1 for 60 minutes; the biomass was manually shifted every 10 days. The content of macronutrients and trace elements was determined in the product with regard to the admissible values for organic fertilizers. Composts with a very high proportion of coffee grounds meet the criteria regarding the minimum NPK and organic matter content in the fertilizer aspect. Coffee grounds are characterized by a low content of heavy metals which in practice can cause their dilution in biological processing products. Utilization of the effluent from yeast factory for irrigation of composted biomass is not possible on an industrial scale. A small addition of this waste leads to significant salinity of the compost.


Kopeć, M., Antonkiewicz, J. and Kulig, B. (2024) 'Fertilizer value of composts obtained with addition of coffee grounds and maize', Journal of Elementology, 29(1), 7-19, available:

Słowa kluczowe:

biocarbon, coffee grounds, compost, fertilizer value, macro and microelements

O wydaniu:

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