Otrzymano: Kwiecień 03, 2023
Zaakceptowano: Sierpień 18, 2023
Opublikowano online: 2023-10-03
Medicine and veterinary
This study assessed dietary 12 mineral intakes in young Korean adults with a self-selected diet. The study aimed to investigate the intake status of minerals in young adults for balanced nutritional management. As a cross-sectional study, anthropometric measurements and a dietary intake survey using a 24-hour recall method were conducted in 100 adults aged 19–31 years. Then, 12 mineral intakes of the subjects were analysed using mineral content databases. The daily mineral intakes of all subjects were 525.02 mg for Ca, 1041.89 mg for P, 3538.83 mg for Na, 2270.92 mg for K, 204.62 mg for Mg, 12.21 mg for Fe, 6.80 mg for Zn, 726.11 ug for Cu, 4.43 mg for Mn, 147.35 ug for I, 77.93 ug for Se, and 58.23 ug for Mo. Cereals (Fe, Mo), vegetables (K, Mg), meat (P, Zn, Se), and teas·beverages·alcohols (Cu, Mn) were the main food groups of various mineral intakes along with milks and dairy products (Ca) and seaweeds (I). Dietary intake of Ca, K, Mg, and Zn did not meet the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) or adequate intake (AI). In addition, the minerals in which the index of nutrient quality value was less than 1 were Ca at 0.82, K at 0.79, Mg at 0.77, and Zn at 0.88. However, the daily intake of P, Na, and Mo significantly exceeded the RNI or AI. In young Korean adults with a self-selected diet, dietary intakes of some minerals (Ca, K, Mg, and Zn) did not meet the dietary reference intakes, while some (P, Na, and Mo) were met. Therefore, we can suggest that balanced mineral intake is needed along with intake exceeding the mineral reference value.
Yoon, Seong-Hee and Choi, Mi-Kyeong (2023) 'Dietary intake of minerals (Ca, P, Na, K, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, I, Se, and Mo) in young Korean adults with a self-selected diet' Journal of Elementology, 28(3), 671-685, http://dx.doi.org/10.5601/jelem.2023.28.3.2394
minerals, dietary intake, dietary reference intake, adequate nutrition, young adults