Otrzymano: Grudzień 02, 2021
Zaakceptowano: Lipiec 01, 2022
Opublikowano online: 2022-08-29
Medicine and veterinary,
Pollution and environment,
Pesticides, in general, are chemical substances (synthetic or natural) used in agriculture to control harmful or undesirable organisms in order to protect crops. Health effects may affect people directly exposed to pesticides, including spray workers, residents of areas requiring chemical protection, and people eating food contaminated with pesticide residues. The aim of the study: the aim of the study is to demonstrate possible adverse health effects associated with exposure to pesticides, as well as to systematize knowledge and supplement it with the latest search results. Study methods: Epidemiological studies on the relationship between pesticide exposure and risk of adverse health effects were reviewed. The paper uses biblimetrics considering the years 2011-2021, and covering pesticide use and its health effects. A literature review was conducted by searching PubMed, Google Scholar database. The criterion of selecting entries aligned with the set subject matter was applied to carry out analyses of bibliographic data. Results: There is a constant interest in environmental pollution by pesticides and their impact on health, regardless of the route of entry (inhalation, ingestion or dermal). Scientific reports show the negative impact of pesticides on health resulting in cancer, miscarriages, early births, effects on the foetus causing developmental delays and poisoning due to their residues in food. Conclusions: It is necessary to apply pesticides as recommended and to monitor surface and groundwater and food. In order to minimize the health effects of exposure to pesticides, it is reasonable to conduct health and environmental education among farmers and professional users. For occupational exposure to pesticides, the use of personal protective equipment is unconditional.
Czarny-Działak M., Chmielewski J., Gietka M., Gworek B., Łuszczki J.J. 2022. Occupational exposure to pesticides - a challenge for environmental health specialists and occupational medicine practitioners. J. Elem., 27(3): 579 - 595. DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2022.27.2.2228
pesticides, human health, environmental health, occupational exposure, organic pollutants