Effect of foliar application of salicylic acid on the response of tomato plants to oxidative stress and salinity
Kowalska I., Smoleń S.
The aim of the study has been to evaluate the effect of an increased salt concentration in a nutrient solution and foliar application of salicylic acid and KMnO4 (the latter causing oxidative stress) on the yield, fruit quality and nutritional status of tomato plants. Salinity stress was stimulated by elevating the electrical conductivity (EC) of a nutrient solution by a proportional increase in the content of all macro- and micronutrients. In 2009- 2010, tomato plants were grown on rockwool, in a heated foil tunnel. The experiment included two sub-blocks with two EC levels (2.5 and 4.5 mS cm–1). Within each sub-block, the following foliar application variants were distinguished: 1. control, without foliar application; 2. salicylic acid (SA); 3. SA/KMnO4. In the SA/KMnO4 combination, solutions of these compounds were applied alternately every 7 days. SA was applied in the concentration of 0.01%, while the concentration of KMnO4 was 0.1%. Foliar treatments were conducted at 7-day intervals from the 3rd cluster flowering stage until ten days before the first harvesting of fruits. Irrespective of the EC of the nutrient solution, foliar application of SA as well as SA/KMnO4 had no significant effect on the tomato yield, total acidity and dry matter or soluble sugar content in fruits. Neither did it affect significantly the mineral status of plants except for an increase in the Mn level induced by SA/KMnO4. A significantly higher content of ascorbic acid together with a decreased content of phenolic compounds and free amino acids resulted from the foliar application of SA and SA/KMnO4. Salicylic acid counteracted the oxidative stress caused by KMnO4.
Kowalska I., Smoleń S. 2013. Effect of foliar application of salicylic acid on the response of tomato plants to oxidative stress and salinity. J. Elem. 18(2): 239-254, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2013.18.2.04.
tomato, salicylic acid, KMnO4, salinity, yield, fruit quality, mineral content