The response of hydroponically grown lettuce under Mn stress to differentiated application of silica sol
T., Krzesiński W., Przygocka-Cyna K., Spiżewski T.
A way to alleviate excessive Mn nutrition of plants is through silicon application. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of different Si concentrations in a nutrient solution and Si plant spraying treatments (in the form of silica sol) on the yielding and nutritional status of hydroponically grown lettuce under Mn-stress. The experiments were conducted under controlled conditions in a phytotron. The influence of the following Si levels in the nutrient solution (5.5 – control; 15.5; 23.25 and 31 mg Si dm-3) and foliar sprays (distilled water; Si solution) were investigated. Silicon supplied through fertigation significantly affected the plant’s nutrient status and alleviated the Mn stress, increasing fresh matter production, RWC (Relative Water Content) and the number of leaves per plants, while decreasing the share of dry matter. The Si nutrition did not change the content of Mn in the leaves, but caused a significant increase in N, P, Na, Fe and Si concentrations with a simultaneous decrease of Zn and Cu levels. The content of Ca, Mg and K was relatively stable (except for the treatment with the most intensive Si nutrition). Generally, the concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Na and Fe within the tested Si range were higher than in the control, while being lower in the case of Zn and Cu. Overall, the foliar application of Si did not change plant yielding, the number of leaves on plants and most macro- and microelement concentration in leaves, but modified significantly the RWC as well as the Cu and Na content. The dry matter content under Si nutrition was varied. In summary, an effective method to alleviate Mn-stress is to apply silica sol to a nutrient solution used for plant fertigation.
Kleiber T., Krzesiński W., Przygocka-Cyna K., Spiżewski T. 2015. The response of hydroponically grown lettuce under Mn stress to differentiated application of silica sol. J. Elem., 20(3): 609-619, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2015.20.1.806
silicon, fertigation, foliar spraying, manganese stress, macroelement, microelement, Lactuca sativa L.