Effect of biostimulators on yield and selected chemical properties of potato tubers
Listopad 03, 2014
Grudzień 31, 2014
Wierzbowska J., Cwalina-Ambroziak B., Głosek-Sobieraj M., Sienkiewicz S.
Growth regulators stimulate life processes in plants, improving their stress resistance and health, which translates into higher and better quality yield. Growth regulators can improve biochemical parameters of tubers and enhance the potato’s resistance to adverse environmental conditions or pathogens. The purpose of this research was to examine the effect of biostimulators on yield and selected chemical properties of potato tubers. Four table potato cultivars were grown in a field experiment: very early Volumia and medium early Irga, Satina and Sylvana. Starting from stage 39 on the BBCH scale (crop cover complete), potato plants were treated thrice, in 10- to 14-day intervals, with the growth regulators Asahi SL, Bio-Algeen S90 and Kelpak. The reference treatment was composed of potatoes untreated with the bioregulators. The growth regulators, especially Bio-Algeen S90 (6.3 – 16.3%) and Kelpak SL (14.2-24.7%) raised the tuber yield, but the effect was statistically verifiable only in the second year, with less precipitation and lower temperature of the vegetation period. The quality of potato tubers was more strongly dependent on the cultivar-specific traits than on the applied biostimulators. In the second year, too, potato tubers contained on average 34% more N-total than in the first year. During storage, the content of N-total in tubers increased by 35-50%. After a five-month storage period, potato tubers contained more NO3- abut less N-NH4+.
Wierzbowska J., Cwalina-Ambroziak B., Głosek-Sobieraj M., Sienkiewicz S. 2015. Effect of biostimulators on yield and selected chemical properties of potato tubers. J. Elem., 20(3): 757-768, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2014.19.4.799
biostimulators, potato cultivars, N-total, nitrates(V), N-NH4, chloride, storage