Effect of mycorrhiza and the phosphorus content in a nutrient solution on the yield and nutritional status of lettuce grown on various substrates
Kowalska I., Konieczny
A., Gąstoł M.
The potential of mycorrhization of lettuce in hydroponic conditions was tested in a two-year experiment carried out in the autumn of 2011 and 2012 in an unheated foil tunnel. The experimental factors were as follows: inoculation of plants with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF+ or AMF-), concentration of phosphorus in a nutrient solution (10 or 40 mg dm-3) and the type of substrate (rockwool or coconut coir). The inoculation of plants with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of the genus Glomus was performed twice, i.e. while sowing seeds and when planting lettuce plants into mats. The impact of the experimental factors on the degree of colonization of lettuce roots by AMF as well as the yield and nutritional status of plants, expressed as the content of macro- and micronutrients, was studied. The mycorrhizal frequency in roots inoculated with AMF reached 51.36%. The nutrient solution concentration of phosphorus and the type of substrate did not have any significant effect on the mycorrhizal frequency. There were no differences in the yield and content of macronutrients in lettuce leaves between plants inoculated and not inoculated with AMF (AMF+, AMF-). Likewise, there were no differences in the yield caused by different phosphorus levels in the nutrient solution or the types of substrate. Plants growing on rockwool accumulated significantly less P, Ca and Mg in comparison to plants growing on coconut coir. Regarding Ca, this effect was especially pronounced in plants receiving the nutrient solution with a higher concentration of P, i.e. 40 mg dm-3. Mycorrhiza had a significant effect on the content of Cu, Mn and Zn in lettuce leaves. Inoculated plants were characterized by a lower content of these micronutries compared to plants grown without AMF. With respect to Mn, this effect was particularly evident in plants grown on rockwool.
Kowalska I., Konieczny A., Gąstoł M. 2015. Effect of mycorrhiza and phosphorus content in nutrient solution on the yield and nutritional status of lettuce grown on various substrates. J. Elem., 20(3): 631-642, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2014.19.4.789
Lactuca sativa, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, soilless culture