The elements of specific biological activity in therapeutic waters in polish health resorts
Wydanie: 4 / 2011
Kategorie: Food science , Medicine and veterinary
The study characterizes specific therapeutic waters in Polish health resorts, which contain iodide, fluoride, silicon, sulphides, iron(II), carbon dioxide and radon in concentrations that ensure the therapeutic status of water and specify how it can be used for medical treatment. Based on the physicochemical analysis, it has been verified that among 160 waters from 39 health resorts, 37 contain Fe(II) in concentrations > 10 mg dm-3, which means that they can be classified as ferruginous. Twelve waters containing fluoride in concentrations > 2 mg dm-3 were recognized as therapeutic fluoride waters. Five waters were classified as siliceous ones owing to the content of silicon compounds above 70 mg dm-3 (H2SiO3). Twenty-eight of the analysed waters contain sulphides (H2S+HS-) in concentrations > 1 mg dm-3 and 64 waters contain iodide in concentrations > 1 mg dm-3. Carbon dioxide, which occurs in 72 waters in concentrations above 1 g dm-3 (acidulous waters), proved to be the most widespread component. Waters which contain radon in an amount corresponding to the radiation of 74 Bq (2 nCi) in 1 dm3 are classified as radon waters. Ten of the analysed waters were found to contain this element. The waters were highly varied in chemical composition and type of specific components. Sulphurous waters are mainly used for mineral baths; ferruginous waters are drunk; fluoride and silicon-rich waters are taken for mineral baths and iodide waters are used for mineral baths and inhalations. Using these waters in balneotherapy is an important part of spa treatment and defines different healing profiles of Polish health resorts.
Drobnik M., Latour T., Sziwa D. 2011. The elements of specific biological activity in therapeutic waters in polish health resorts. J. Elem. 16(4): 525-533, DOI - 10.5601/jelem.2011.16.4.02.
Słowa kluczowe:: specific therapeutic waters, sulphides, iodides, fluorides, iron (II), silicon, ra- don, carbon dioxide