Distribution of nickel in fractions extracted with the BCR procedure from nickel - contaminated soil
Kuziemska B., Kalembasa S., Wieremiej W.
The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of liming and the application of waste organic material, i.e. sewage sludge, on the content and distribution of nickel in the fractions extracted with the BCR procedure from soil contaminated with this metal. The study was carried out on soil after a 3-year pot experiment, which included the following factors: I – nickel used in the incremental amounts 0, 50, 100 mg Ni kg-1 soil; II – liming (0 Ca and Ca according to 1 Hh of soil); and III – the addition of sewage sludge (with and without the addition of sewage sludge at the introducing dose of 2 g Ckg-1 soil). The test plant was cocksfoot harvested four times (four swaths) in each plant growing season. The total content of nickel was determined with ICP-AES and its fractions with the three-stage BCR procedure. The introduction of nickel into the soil resulted in an increase in its total content and in all fractions as well as in its percentage in the exchangeable fraction. Liming reduced the mobility of nickel and decreased its content in the reducible fraction, whil inccreasing it in the residual fraction. The application of sewage sludge contributed to an increase in the total content of nickel in soil and its proportion in the oxidizable fraction. Liming and the application of sewage sludge reduced the mobility of nickel. Lime and waste organic material (i.e. sewage sludge) were found to be suitable materials for reduction of the mobility of nickel in soil contaminated with this metal.
Kuziemska B., Kalembasa S., Wieremiej W. 2014. Distribution of nickel in fractions extracted with the BCR procedure from nickel-contaminated soil. J. Elem., 19(3): 697-708, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2014.19.3.702
soil, liming, sewage sludge, nickel fractions