Effect of salt stress caused by deicing on the content of microelements in leaves of linden
Dmuchowski W., Baczewska A., Gozdowski D., Rutkowska B., Szulc W., Suwara I., Brągoszewska P.
Application of large amounts of NaCl to control slippery roads in winter leads to soil salinity and consequently to ionic imbalances, changes in pH, changes in physicochemical properties of the soil and the death of roadside trees. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of salt stress on the content of microelements in the leaves of roadside trees and on the health trees. The subject of research were trees of the Crimean linden (Tilia 'Euchlora') growing in the median strip of one of the main streets in Warsaw. The roadside trees contained much higher amounts of Cl and Na than trees in a park (control). There was a significant correlation between the Cl and Na content in leaves of the trees and their health state. As the content of these elements increased, the health condition of leaves clearly deteriorated. There was no significant effect of soil salinity on the micronutrient content in leaves. The content of Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn in linden tree leaves were on levels considered normal, with values not indicative of any deficiency or toxicity. The presence of Fe and Zn in leaves had no significant effect on the health of leaves of the trees. A statistically significant negative relationship was found between the index of leaf damage and their content of Cu and Mn. This means that a higher degree of leaf damage corresponded to a lower content of Cu and Mn. Based on regression analysis, it was estimated an increase in the Cl content in soil solution by approximately 1000 mg dm-3 caused an average 0.2% increase in the Cl content in leaves.
Dmuchowski W., Baczewska A., Gozdowski D., Rutkowska B., Szulc W., Suwara I., Brągoszewska P. 2014. Effect of salt stress caused by deicing on the content of microelements in leaves of linden. J. Elem. 19(1): 65 - 79, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2014.19.1.588
deicing, urban trees, salt stress, microelements, linden, soil pollution