Yield and selected indices of grain quality in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) depending on fertilization
The aim of the research was to determine the effect of fertilization with manure, compost from biodegradable waste, and municipal sewage sludge on the yield and certain indices of grain quality in spring wheat in comparison to fertilization with mineral fertilizers. The research was conducted as a three-year field experiment. The limited access of plants to nutrients (mainly nitrogen) introduced with waste organic materials and with manure strongly affected the crop yield and its quality, particularly in the first year of the research. The residual effect of fertilization with pig manure and compost from biodegradable waste on the spring wheat grain yield was much better than that of fertilization with municipal sewage sludge. Fertilization with waste organic materials, in doses based on plant requirements for nutrients, did not lead to a decrease in the biological value of yield. Irrespective of the applied fertilization, copper and manganese were the microelements that limited the fodder value of spring wheat grain, whereas the quality of protein was determined by the content of lysine.
Gondek K. 2013. Yield and selected indices of grain quality in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) depending on fertilization. J. Elem. 18(4): 621-634, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2013.18.4.532
spring wheat, microelements, exogenous amino acids