Effect of organic and nitrogen fertilization on selected components in potato tubers grown in a simplified crop rotation
Wszelaczyńska E., Pobereżny J., Janowiak J., Spychaj-Fabisiak E.
Fertilization is one of the factors of agro-technical practice that determines potato yield volume and quality. This research involved the early table potato cultivar Bila grown in the first year of the tenth (2006) and the eleventh rotation cycle (2009) in a long-term, static field experiment (set up in 1979). A three-year simplified crop rotation included potato – winter rye 1 – winter rye 2. The experimental factors covered: I organic fertilization (without FYM and with FYM at the amount of 30 t ha-1), II nitrogen doses 0, 60, 120, 180 kg N ha-1 under potato and 0, 40, 80, 120 kg N ha-1 under rye. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the yielding and content of selected chemical components of the tubers of cv. Bila potato grown in a simplified system depending on different organic and mineral fertilization regimes, implemented for many years. The results show a significantly positive effect of FYM and nitrogen fertilization on the tuber yield volume and on the content of total protein and magnesium, as well as a negative effect on the content of nitrates(V). However, FYM fertilization increased but nitrogen fertilization decreased the content of ascorbic acid. The highest nutritive value of tubers was achieved after the application of 60 kg N ha-1. However, a dose higher than 120 kg N ha-1 applied with FYM increased the content of nitrates(V) above the toxicity threshold (200 mg NO3¯ kg-1 of the fresh product).
Wszelaczyńska E., Pobereżny J., Janowiak J., Spychaj-Fabisiak E. 2014. Effect of organic and nitrogen fertilization on selected components in potato tubers grown in a simplified crop rotation. J. Elem., 19(4): 1153 - 1166, DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2014.19.3.381
potato, protein, magnesium, vitamin C, nitrates(V)