The impact of manure, municipal sewage sludge and compost prepared from municipal sewage sludge on crop yield and content of Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, Cd in spring rape and spring triticale


Wydanie: 3 / 2009

Autorzy:

  • Iżewska A.

Kategorie: Agricultural

DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2009.14.3.03

Abstrakt:

The aim of the research was to estimate the impact of manure, municipal sewage sludge and compost prepared from municipal sewage sludge on crop yield and content of microelements (Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni) as well as Pb, and Cd in spring rape and spring triticale and also to specify the bioaccumulation indexes of microelements in test plants. A pot experiment was set up in the Vegetation Hall of the University of Agriculture in Szczecin 2006. Manure, raw sewage sludge and compost prepared from sewage sludge with the GWDA method were used. The pot experiment was set up with the split plot method in three repetitions. Objects of the first factor were types of fertilizers (manure, municipal sewage sludge and compost prepared from sewage sludge) and objects of the second factor were the doses of individual fertilizers introduced to soil in conversion to the amount of incorporated nitrogen (85 and 170 kg N⋅ha-1 i.e. 0.26 and 0.52 g N per pot). The results indicate that the best yields of spring rape seeds and spring triticale grains were obtained from the object fertilized with a double dose of sewage sludge. Fertilization with manure, sewage sludge and compost prepared from sewage sludge increased the content of microelements as well as Pb and Cd in seeds and grains of the test plants. These contents did not exceed permissible values for industrial plants. The calculated bioaccumulation indexes of microelements indicate that spring rape and spring triticale were accumulating moderate amounts of manganese and zinc.

Cytacja:

Iżewska A. 2009. The impact of manure, municipal sewage sludge and compost prepared from municipal sewage sludge on crop yield and content of Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, Cd in spring rape and spring triticale. J.Elem. 14(3): 449-456.

Słowa kluczowe:

manure, sewage sludge, compost prepared from sewage sludge, spring rape, spring triticale, bioaccumulation indexes


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