Content of minerals in muscle tissue of diploid rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in freshwater (Derbent Dam) and seawater (The Black Sea)
Maj 11, 2020
Sierpień 04, 2020
Aci R., Müderrisoğlu S., Duran U., Shakouri N., Çiftci G.
Trouts are commonly farmed in many countries of the world. Minerals are required for normal life processes, and fish need these inorganic elements. Fish may derive these minerals from a diet and from ambient water. This study aimed to research differences in some of the mineral values in muscle tissues of diploid rainbow trouts (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cultured in freshwater and seawater. The study material consisted of twenty diploid rainbow trouts (Oncorhynchus mykiss), ten farmed in seawater and ten farmed in freshwater, with a weight of about 0.8-1 kg and average age of 17-19 months. Supernatant was prepared from muscle tissues of the fish. Concentrations of major minerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Cl, P) were investigated in supernatant from fish muscle tissues with an autoanalyzer. pH temperature, oxygen amount, salinity amount and saturation ratio of the trouts were found to be 8.40, 12 oC, 9.57 mg/dl, 18‰, 88.77% for seawater and 7.60, 11 oC 7.40 mg/dl, 0.68 ‰, 67.26% for freshwater fish. It was found that P, K and Mg levels in the muscle tissue of diploid rainbow trouts (Oncorhynchus mykiss) farmed in seawater were statistically significantly higher than in those farmed in freshwater (P<0.001), and Ca levels in trouts farmed in seawater were also higher than in those farmed in freshwater, although not statistically significantly different. It was determined that Na and Cl levels were slightly higher in rainbow trouts farmed in freshwater than in those farmed in seawater, but it was not a statistically significant difference (P>0.05). This study showed that concentrations of minerals in trout muscle tissue can be affected by changes in water quality. It was concluded that muscle tissue of diploid rainbow trouts (Oncorhynchus mykiss) farmed in seawater is a better source of minerals in human diet than trouts farmed in freshwater.
Aci R., Müderrisoğlu S., Duran U., Shakouri N., Çiftci G. 2020. Content of minerals in muscle tissue of diploid rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in freshwater (Derbent Dam) and seawater (The Black Sea). J. Elem., 25(4): 1375-1384. DOI: 10.5601/jelem.2020.25.2.2017
freshwater, rainbow trout, seawater, minerals